End Grain Sealer

Sealing end grain of wood for longer life and stability.

Why Use

It is vital to treat all cut ends with an end grain sealer to prevent moisture ingress into timber. Any end cuts in cladding boards, deck boards and other trim need to be sealed at installation.

The prime reason for sealing wood end grain is because when exposed it absorbs moisture up to 250 times more rapidly than other wood surfaces. Unprotected end grain can lead to interior rot and discolouration adjacent to the cut end.

End-grain is particularly vulnerable to moisture, and early failure is often seen at joints and corners where the end- grain is exposed.

Timber’s natural movement means that joints tend to open up over time. When a gap opens, exposed and unprotected end-grain will absorb moisture much faster than the surrounding timber.

End Grain Sealer is designed to assist with better weathering of timber, by stopping excessive moisture ingress, hence providing longer life, reducing cracking, staining and timber movement.

Application

For joined, hidden and exposed end grain: Teknos, Zobel and Abodo

For maximum timber performance use on joined, hidden and exposed timber end grain.

For exposed visual appeal end grain: SIOO:X

Finish your project off to the best visual appeal, coat exposed timber end grain with SIOO:X end grain sealer to have the same weathered look as SIOO:X face coated timber.

Manufacturer Size Coverage Colour
Teknos 750 ml 12 M2 /Ltr Clear
Zobel 1 Ltr 12.5 M2/Ltr Clear
Zobel 2.5 Ltr 12.5 M2/Ltr Clear
Abodo 1 Ltr 6 M2/Ltr Clear & Black
Sioo:x Part 1 1 Ltr 8 M2/Ltr Weathered
Sioo:x Part 2 1 Ltr 8 M2/Ltr Weathered

Sioo:x is a two step process – this means you will need to coat the wood with one coats of Sioo:x Step 1 followed by one coat of Sioo:x Step 2.

Application

Quick drying and easy to apply end grain sealer

  • One coat application
  • Apply with brush
  • Ready to use, check viscosity, if necessary, can be thinned with water
  • Substrate must be dry and free of dust and grease
  • Moisture content of the wood < 15%
  • Do not process below 15 °C or more than 30 °C
  • Stir material before use; avoid inclusion of air
  • Drying Time at 20 °, can be worked over after 40 minutes.
  • Low temperature and high humidity retard drying.
  • Always ensure adequate temperature and air exchange.
  • Cleaning of the tools, immediately after use with water


Cutek

For the best timber protection possible you should coat all four sides and the end grains with Cutek Wood Preservative before timber is laid or erected.

Cutek

Cutek is a unique penetrating oil system designed to enhance the natural colour and grain of timber.

Cutek is sold as a clear oil which can be used to protect the wood from moisture and moisture related movement such as cupping, warping and splitting.

Cutek as a clear oil allows the wood to age gracefully into a beautiful silver patina on exposure to sunlight. However, if you would like to retain the natural freshly oiled colour of the timber you are working with you need to add a colourtone to the clear oil.

BRITTON Factory Coat – Cutek Clear Oil

It is recommend that for the best timber protection possible that you

  • coat all four sides and the end grains before timber is laid or erected
  • factory coating is available and applied to 4 sides, onsite coating should be applied to end grain
  • factory coating is a clear oil wet stacked, tint to be applied on site with additional coats
  • once laid/erected, it is recommend 2 further top coats with Cutek Wood Preservative either as a clear oil or with a colourtone mixed in to keep the freshly oiled look for longer, please refer to application information.

Colourtones available for onsite application.

*Please note: All colourtones displayed are two coats on Western Red Cedar, coloured finishes vary on different timber species

Here are some things to avoid when planning to coat timber with Cutek:

  • Wet wood, or wood with a high moisture content. Your wood should contain a maximum moisture content of 17%, as anything higher can significantly delay the drying process. If this happens, Cutek may sit on the surface and eventually go tacky without penetrating properly.
  • Too many coats too soon. The first application of Cutek needs to completely diffuse and dry before the next coat is applied.
  • Existing oil, stain or paint on the surface. Existing film coatings act as a barrier to Cutek’s penetration. Old coatings must be fully removed by sanding and/or chemical stripping prior to applying Cutek.
  • Cold weather. In cold weather, Cutek will become thicker and therefore too much oil is applied when coating in cooler climates. It helps to warm oil by placing in a sunny/warm spot before application to make is thinner and enhance penetration.

Achieving the best result from Cutek means allowing the oil to diffuse into the wood and dry fully between coats. It it’s not fully dried, excess oil will sit on the surface of the timber and eventually become tacky.

IMPORTANT: Two or three very thin coats of Cutek will be much more beneficial for your timber over the long term rather than applying one or two heavy coats of Cutek.

Once the timber pre-coated with Cutek has been laid/erected, you will need to follow the standard Cutek top coating procedure as outlined below.

Application Technique:

Step #1 – ProClean: Timber Restoration & Timber Preparation

*Please note: This step is not always necessary on raw timber but is highly recommended for best results, especially when coating denser timbers and timbers with a mill glaze.

Cutek ProClean counteracts the weathering process by eliminating years of discolouration and fungus from all species of timber. ProClean is exceptional at removing surface grime, fungus and stubborn stains. ProClean is also ideal to prepare new timber as it helps to remove the mill glaze and opens the grain to assist with Cutek’s deep penetration.

Before you begin, note the hazards and precautions on our website www.cutek.com.au and the can labelling, and ensure that you use the correct safety equipment as detailed in the Safety Data Sheet.

  • Apply undiluted ProClean to your timber liberally to pre-wetted timber with a brush, roller or lambswool applicator. ProClean will start to react in around 10 minutes, however, it does not need to be kept wet, so it can be left on your timber for up to 24 hours when severe staining or discolouration has occurred. Once the timber has brightened to a satisfactory level, thoroughly pressure wash all of the ProClean from the surface of the timber. IMPORTANT: Always do a small test patch on your timber before doing any large sections so you can ascertain how long you will need to leave ProClean on your timber for it to react.

Step #2 – Oiling with Cutek

Now that your timber has been prepared correctly it is ready to be oiled with 2 top coats of Cutek, inclusive of your desired colourtone choice (remember, if you do not use a colourtone then your timber will naturally silver over time). It is important to let the timber dry after it’s preparation and have a moisture content lower than 17%. If you are concerned about the moisture level, you can purchase a water moisture reader quite cheaply or alternatively you can wait 2-3 days to ensure that the timber has completely dried after it’s preparation.

Before you begin, note the hazards and precautions on our website www.cutek.com.au and the can labelling, and ensure that you use the correct safety equipment as detailed in the Safety Data Sheet.

  • Apply Cutek oil to dry timber with a lambswool applicator or brush. For your first coat, apply only a light coat of Cutek so that you can ascertain how long it will take for the coat to fully diffuse into the timber. Once you can rub your finger over the surface of the timber without any oily residue or colour appearing on your hand, you’re ready for your second coat. Apply a second coat and wait for this coat to fully diffuse into the timber. IMPORTANT: The time for Cutek to fully diffuse (dry) varies due to the denseness of various timber species and environmental factors. Always do a small test patch (preferably on an offcut of timber) to ascertain the curing time and the preferred colourtone finish.

IMPORTANT: Wood must feel completely dry and non-greasy before application of the second coat.

Future Maintenance

Timber is durable, sustainable and gives a great natural look, however, without maintenance it will deteriorate no matter what coating is applied. Depending on your timber’s exposure and the surrounding environmental factors, it will need one coat of Cutek (with a colourtone) as frequently as necessary to retain the natural beauty and colour of the timber. Vertical timbers may last longer than this as they generally are not exposed to as much UV as horizontal timbers. Before you recoat, you must give you timber a sufficient clean to keep mould, fungus, dirt and any stains from being stuck in between multiple coats of Cutek. Using a hose or a pressure washer by itself will not be sufficient, so you will need to give your timber a clean down with ProClean. Cutek ProClean counteracts the weathering process by eliminating years of discolouration and fungus from all species of timber. ProClean is exceptional at removing surface grime, fungus and stubborn stains.

  • Apply undiluted ProClean to your timber liberally to pre-wetted timber with a brush, roller or lambswool applicator. ProClean will start to react in around 10 minutes, however, it does not need to be kept wet so it can be left on your timber for up to 24 hours when severe staining or discolouration has occurred. Once the timber has brightened to a satisfactory level, thoroughly pressure wash all of the ProClean from the surface of the timber. IMPORTANT: Always do a small test patch on your timber before doing any large sections so you can ascertain how long you will need to leave ProClean on your timber for it to react.

Once you have cleaned your timber sufficiently with ProClean, you need to apply 1 further coat of Cutek for maintenance, inclusive of your desired colourtone choice (remember, if you do not use a colourtone then your timber will naturally silver over time). It is important to let the timber dry after it’s preparation and have a moisture content lower than 17%. If you are concerned about the moisture level, you can purchase a timber moisture reader quite cheaply or alternatively you can wait 2-3 days to ensure that the timber has completely dried after it’s preparation.

  • Apply Cutek oil with a lambswool applicator or brush. Apply a light coat and wait for this coat to fully diffuse into the timber. IMPORTANT: The time for Cutek to fully diffuse (dry) varies due to the denseness of various timber species and environmental factors. Always do a small test patch (preferably on an offcut of timber) to ascertain the curing time and the preferred colourtone finish.

For More Information visit

Cutek Australia

Quantum Quantec

QUANTEC is a penetrating oil that binds wood fibres together to protect against moisture. Designed to be applied as a clear oil that fades to a natural silver finish.

Designed for the Australian environment and conditions, this environmentally responsible, bio-based, ecologically sustainable timber preservative can be applied as a clear oil that fades to a natural silver finish, or applied with one of 12 colours to enhance and maintain the natural timber finish.

QUANTEC is a penetrating oil that binds wood fibres together to protect against moisture. QUANTEC helps to prevent swelling and shrinking of the timber that causes cupping, splitting and warping.

  • Protect your biggest investment with this simple, easy to apply and maintain, non-flammable, water wash up and cost effective application system.
  • Prepare – Coat – Enjoy.
  • Water wash up
  • Non-flammable, no requirements for precautions with oily rags and equipment
  • Low odour (Mild Eucalyptus smell)
  • Penetrating oil that bind wood fibres together to protect against moisture
  • Prevent swelling and shrinking of the timber that causes cupping, splitting and warping
  • Will not affect plants, shrubs and trees
  • Won’t crack, peel or flake
  • Environmentally responsible, bio-based, ecologically sustainable product
  • Easy to apply, cost effective to maintain
  • No sanding between coats, highlights timber’s natural grain and beauty
  • Repels water (Beads)


Resene Exterior Oil

Resene Woodsman Waterbourne

Resene Waterborne Woodsman is a waterborne woodstain matching the needs of timber to the desire to achieve the most natural appearance possible.

Designed for exterior timber in a wide range of colours.

Resene does not recommend clear stains on exterior timber as it does not provide sufficient protection for the timber against the weather.

Decorators will enjoy the quick and easy water clean up and the absence of the solvent fumes and VOCs associated with traditional solventborne stains.

Specialty Colours

For More Information visit

Resene Australia

Abodo Protector Oil

A water borne, penetrating timber finish that will nourish and protect external timbers.

Protector Water Borne uses the latest in water borne oil technology combining refined plant oils, UV protection, advanced water barrier composition and an enhanced fungicidal package for superior exterior performance.

Colours presented are in Protector Water Borne.

For More Information visit

Britton Timbers AbodoAbodo Australia

WOCA

High-quality products that protect, preserve and enhance the beauty of exterior wood whilst stimulating the wood and ensuring long-lasting durability.

Environmentally friendly coatings to for timber, including modified timbers such as ACCOYA.

For use with ACCOYA use Woca Primer prior to Woca Exterior Oil application, please refer to the attached instructions Woca Exterior Oil System – Accoya.

For More Information visit

WOCA Website

Sioo:x

Sioo:x the natural coating for exterior timber, which weathers to a beautiful silver grey while protecting your timber from the elements.

SIOO:X is a totally unique product designed to minimise maintenance.

SIOO:X wood protection is a water-based impregnation system. It is based on proven silicate technology and natural products to give timber long life surface protection. Importantly it is completely safe, inert, and environmentally friendly.

It is manufactured in Sweden and consists of a two component system designed to interact and create this unique protection system.

SIOO:X provides a long-term weathered look without leaving timber unprotected.

  • Develops into an attractive weathered silver/grey look
  • Creates a surface more resistant to wear and weather
  • Long lasting in vertical applications (cladding) and horizontal applications
  • Helps prevent mildew and rot
  • Creates a surface more resistant to dirt and water whilst remaining vapour permeable
  • Reduces cracking and splintering

Features

  • Penetrating – Non film-forming coating sits into the timber surface, which means superior performance and easier maintenance.
  • Natural – Plant-based active ingredients that are safe for people and the environment.
  • Red List Free – Free from Red List chemicals as required by the Living Building Challenge.
  • Water-borne – Water clean-up. No solvents required.
  • Low Maintenance – Extended re-coat period.

Weathering to silver-grey

Once the SIOO:X impregnation system has been applied, when exposed to moisture the mineral silicate in the impregnated timber substrate begins to cure by reacting with atmospheric carbon.

The result is that the timber surface is toughened and an even accelerated weathering takes place. This is a permanent change.

The weathering process is mostly moisture activated but exposure to UV does also play a role. To speed up the weathering process we suggest that following application of the two components and installation it is recommended watering the timber every 2 to 3 days for 3 to 4 weeks.

This will weather the timber to a silvery/grey, the process will then continue to develop over 12 to 24 months. Time taken will vary depending on the timber specie, exposure level, time of the year etc.

The cure rate is timber species and temperature dependent and will proceed very slowly in cold exterior conditions. Natural timber species show varying rates of curing to the point where a silver-grey nuance develops.

For More Information visit

Sioo:x Website

TYPE SIZE (LTR) COVERAGE (M2/LTR) NO. COATS
SIOO:X PANEL
SIOO:X STEP 1 1 Ltr 8 2
5 Ltr 8 2
SIOO:X STEP 2 1 Ltr 10 1
5 Ltr 10 1
SIOO:X DECK
SIOO:X STEP 1 5 Ltr 8 2
SIOO:X STEP 2 5 Ltr 10 1
SIOO:X END GRAIN SEALER
STEP 1 1 Ltr 8 1
STEP 2 1 Ltr 8 1